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Criminal Conspiracy in Law Terms

Criminal Conspiracy in Law Terms, Meaning, Punishments, Explanation

According to Pakistan Penal Code, Section 120-A defined Criminal Conspiracy means, when Two or More Persons agree to do, or cause to be done;
1. An illegal act, or
2. An act which is not illegal by illegal means, such an agreement is designated a Criminal Conspiracy:
Provided that no agree except an agreement to commit an offence shall amount to a criminal conspiracy unless some act besides the agreement is done by one or more parties to such agreement in pursuance thereof.

Explanation
It is immaterial whether the illegal act is ultimate object of such agreement, or is merely incidental to that object.

Criminal Conspiracy Definition in Criminal Law

As per Criminal Law, a conspiracy is an agreement between two or more persons to commit a crime at some time in the future. Criminal Law in some countries or for some conspiracies may require that at least one overt act must also have been undertaken in furtherance of that agreement, to constitute an offense. There is no limit on the number participating in the conspiracy and, in most countries, no requirement that any steps have been taken to put the plan into effect (compare attempts which require proximity to the full offence).

Punishment of Criminal Conspiracy

According to Pakistan Penal Code Section 120-B can be described the Punishments, (1) Whoever is a party to a criminal conspiracy to commit an offence punishable with death, Imprisonment for Life or Rigorous Imprisonment for a term of two years or upwards, shall, where no express provision is made in this Code for the punishment of such a conspiracy, be punished in the same manner as if he had abetted such offence.

(2) Whoever is a party to a criminal conspiracy other than a criminal conspiracy to commit an offence punishable as aforesaid shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term not exceeding six months, or with fine or with both.

Capital Offenses in United States

  1. Causing death by using a chemical weapon or a weapon of mass destruction
  2. Killing a member of the Congress, the Cabinet or United States Supreme Court
  3. Kidnapping a member of the Congress, the Cabinet or Supreme Court resulting in death
  4. Conspiracy to kill a member of the Congress, the Cabinet or Supreme Court resulting in death
  5. Causing death by using an explosive
  6. Causing death by using an illegal firearm
  7. Causing death during a drug-related drive-by shooting
  8. Genocide resulting in death
  9. Carjacking resulting in death
  10. Mailing explosive substances resulting in death
  11. Willful destruction of aircraft or motor vehicles resulting in death.
  12. Causing death by aircraft hijacking or any attempt to commit aircraft hijacking.
  13. Causing death by kidnapping or hostage taking.
  14. First degree murder
  15. Murder perpetrated by poison or lying in wait
  16. Murder that is willful, deliberate, malicious, and premeditated
  17. Murder in the perpetration of, or in the attempt to perpetrate, any arson, torture, escape, kidnapping, treason, espionage, sabotage, child abuse, burglary, or robbery.
  18. Murder perpetrated as part of a pattern or practice of assault or torture against a child or children
  19. Murder committed by a federal prisoner or an escaped federal prisoner sentenced to 15 years to life or a more severe penalty
  20. Assassinating the President or a member of his or her staff
  21. Kidnapping the President or a member of his staff resulting in death

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